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Radiotherapy and chemotherapy in ENT - slideshare

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Radiation therapy kills cancer cells or slows their growth by damaging their DNA. Radiation therapy (also called radiotherapy) is a cancer treatment that uses high doses of radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. At low doses, radiation is used in x-rays to see inside your body, as with x-rays of your teeth or broken bones Head and neck cancer refers to malignancies of the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, paranasal sinuses, nasal cavity or salivary glands. Alcohol and tobacco use account for the majority of head and neck cancers. Suspected cases require a biopsy of the lesion, typically followed by a staging CT scan of the neck and chest External beam radiation therapy comes from a machine that aims radiation at your cancer.It is a local treatment, which means it treats a specific part of your body.For example, if you have cancer in your lung, you will have radiation only to your chest, not to your whole body

General principles of radiotherapy treatment 150. Special considerations in paediatric radiotherapy 152. Preparing child for radiotherapy treatment 154. Acute side effects 156. Late effects of radiotherapy 156. General categorization of late effects of paediatric radiotherapy 157. Frequently asked questions 158. Radiotherapy is an effective modality of treatment that has a role in the. Brainlab technology currently powers treatments in the fields of neurosurgery, radiation oncology, orthopedics, ENT, CMF, spine and trauma. Elekta. XiO is a comprehensive 3-D intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) treatment planning platform that combines advanced planning tools with robust dose calculation algorithms Image Guided Radiation Therapy - Image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) is the use of imaging during radiation therapy to improve the precision and accuracy of treatment delivery. IGRT is used to treat tumors in areas of the body that move, such as the lungs. Radiation therapy machines are equipped with imaging technology to allow your doctor to image the tumor before and during treatment Radiation therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses beams of intense energy to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy most often uses X-rays, but protons or other types of energy also can be used. The term radiation therapy most often refers to external beam radiation therapy. During this type of radiation, the high-energy beams come from. External beam radiation therapy continues to be the mainstay of treatment for this lesion. Doses of 6500 to 7000 cGy are directed at the primary lesion and the upper echelon lymph nodes. If clinically positive, lower cervical nodes are included in the field. Brachytherapy is occasionally used as an adjuvant to external beam radiation or i

Radiotherapy & chemotherapy /certified - slideshare

Recent advances in ENT- FRMI contact - SlideShar

  1. Radiotherapy has been used for ocular and periocular indications since the beginning of the 20th century. Both external beam and radioactive plaque techniques have been employed for malignant and benign disease, with varying degrees of efficacy. Cataract, dry eye and retinopathy were once common sequelae to the use of radiation
  2. Radiation therapy. Radiation therapy uses high-powered energy beams, such as X-rays or protons, to kill cancer cells. It can be given internally or externally. Immunotherapy. Immunotherapy works with your body's immune system to fight off any remaining cancer cells by stimulating your body's own defenses or supplementing them. Targeted therapy
  3. Fast neutron therapy started as early as 1930s at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, California, and spread worldwide by 1970s after apparently successful clinical results were reported by Hammersmith Hospital in London (Ando and Kase, 2009).Mean neutron energies used for therapy at various facilities by 1988 were between 7.5 and 25 MeV (Wambersie, 1990), and inferior depth-dose distribution.
  4. Lymph node levels of the neck. The lymph nodes in the neck have historically been divided into at least six anatomic neck lymph node levels for the purpose of head and neck cancer staging and therapy planning. Differing definitions exist across specialties 1-4. The following is a synthesis of radiologically useful boundaries for each level

Introduction: PET/CT scan has an emerging role in head and neck oncology with a few well-established indications, including: detection of unknown primary tumor site, tumor staging, radiotherapy planning, treatment response assessment and detection of recurrent disease. The purpose of this study is reporting PET/CT findings in head and neck cancer patients to emphasize its role in head and neck. Radiation therapy. Radiation therapy uses powerful beams of energy, such as X-rays, protons or neutrons, to kill cancer cells. If your parotid tumor is cancerous, radiation therapy might be recommended after surgery to kill any cancer cells that remain. Radiation therapy is sometimes used as an initial treatment when surgery isn't an option Treatment. The treatment for laryngeal cancer largely depends on the size of the cancer. The main treatments are radiotherapy, surgery and chemotherapy. Most hospitals use multidisciplinary teams (MDTs) of specialists that work together to decide the best way to proceed with your treatment. Members of your MDT will probably include a surgeon, a.

Radiation Therapy - SlideShar

An ENT may be able to do this in the office using numbing medicine and either forceps or a fine needle. The removed cells are sent to a pathologist, who looks for cancer cells as well as for signs. Radiation therapy is usually given both to the main nasopharyngeal tumor and to nearby lymph nodes in the neck. Even if the lymph nodes are not abnormally firm or large, radiation is still used, just in case a few cancer cells have spread there. If the lymph nodes are known to have cancer cells, higher radiation doses are used American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. previous radiotherapy for the neck was a contraindication. It has now however been demonstrated that the flap can be safely used even in the context of previous radio-therapy. If doubt exists concerning the integrity of the pedicle, it can be assessed using preoperative angiography. Preoperative investigatio

Role of Conformal Radiotherapy in HNC - SlideShar

Acoustic Neuroma. Vestibular schwannoma (acoustic neuroma) is a benign tumor of the balance nerve within the bony canal between the ear and the brain, and sometimes grows quite large toward the brain. Treatment of very small tumors with good hearing often is wait and rescan in six to 12 months. If the tumor grows, treatment is pursued. Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams, such as X-rays and protons, to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy is most often delivered from a machine outside of your body (external beam radiation), though it can also come from radioactive seeds and wires placed near your cancer (brachytherapy). Radiation therapy is often used after surgery Radiation therapy may be used in conjunction with surgery (adjuvant radiation). In this scenario, radiation targets potential microscopic disease after surgery. Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is an advanced mode of high-precision radiotherapy that uses computer-controlled linear accelerators to deliver precise radiation doses to a.

Share Every company is now a tech company; API's can help stay competitive SlideShare. Wim Vanderbauwhede. A few thoughts on work life-balance 1y ago, 1,264,437 views 1y ago, 1,264,437 views Like A few thoughts on work life-balance SlideShare. Save A few thoughts on work life-balance SlideShare.. Most often, people are experiencing a loss of smell instead of a loss of taste. In other disorders of the chemical senses, an odor, a taste, or a flavor may be distorted. Dysgeusia [dis-GYOO-zee-a] is a condition in which a foul, salty, rancid, or metallic taste sensation persists in the mouth. Dysgeusia is sometimes accompanied by burning. Oppytically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) dosimetry in radiotherapy Joanna E.Cygler1 and Eduardo Yukihara2 1The Ottawa Hospital Regional Cancer Centre, Ottawa, Canada 2Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma The Ottawa L'Hopital Hospital dHospital d Ottawa'Ottaw Radiation therapy for malignant neoplasms of ENT organs is one of the main methods of treatment. Various types of ionizing radiation are used for its implementation, and in this connection they distinguish between x-ray therapy, gamma-therapy, beta therapy, electronic, neutron, proton, pimose therapy, alpha therapy, heavy ion therapy Nanotechnology offers the means to target therapies directly and selectively to cancerous cells and neoplasms. With these tools, clinicians can safely and effectively deliver chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and the next generation of immuno- and gene therapies to the tumor. Futhermore, surgical resection of tumors can be guided and enhanced by way of nanotechnology tools

Ear,Nose and throat Disorders - SlideShar

Radiotherapy to some areas of the body can cause more serious side effects that may make eating and drinking difficult. This includes treatment to your head, neck or gullet (oesophagus). Your team may suggest that you have a feeding tube. The tube is usually put in before your treatment starts Radiotherapy - to major salivary glands in doses of 6000 rad or more is effective Side effects which include xerostomia, mucositis, dental caries, osteoradionecrosis, may limit its use. Key messages. Chronic drooling can pose difficulty in management; Early involvement of Multidisciplinary team is the key betes, ear surgeries, and local radiotherapy. Physical examination should include the auricle and surrounding lymph nodes, a skin ent topical interventions. 15. In some studies Radiation therapy. Radiation therapy uses powerful energy beams, such as X-rays and protons, to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy for lip cancer may be used on its own or it may be used after surgery. The radiation may be aimed only at your lip, or it may also be aimed at the lymph nodes in your neck

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Radiation Therapy for Cancer - National Cancer Institut

Head and Neck Cancer - TeachMeSurger

A randomized study of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery versus surgery for localized squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. Cancer. 1994 Apr 1. 73(7):1779-84. . Leichman L, Steiger Z, Seydel HG, et al. Preoperative chemotherapy and radiation therapy for patients with cancer of the esophagus: a potentially curative approach Here, we present the case of a 51-year-old man with limited-stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) who received concurrent chemoradiotherapy and photodynamic therapy (PDT). The patient was diagnosed as having LS-SCLC with an endobronchial mass in the left main bronchus. Following concurrent chemoradiotherapy, a mass remaining in the left lingular division was treated with PDT Glutamine is an amino acid (a building block for proteins), found naturally in the body. Glutamine is taken by mouth for sickle cell disease, to improve nutrition and help people recover from.

The main treatment for acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) in adults is typically long-term chemotherapy (chemo). In recent years, doctors have begun to use more intensive chemo regimens, which has led to more responses to treatment. But these regimens are also more likely to cause side effects, such as low white blood cell counts The immune system protects the body against illness and infection that bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites can cause. It is a collection of reactions and responses that the body makes to damaged cells or infection. So it is sometimes called the immune response. The immune system is important to people with cancer because Craniopharyngioma-microsurgery or extended endonasal approach. Cranioplasty (bone defect replacement) Craniosynostosis- microsurgery. CSF leak repair (liquorrhea) Cyberknife -stereotactic radiosurgery of tumors and AVM. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) Depressed skull fracture repair. Disc hernia surgery - nucleolysis (RF) Arthrocare Spine Coblation

Radiotherapy and chemotherapy in ENT

Bone marrow biopsy is commonly used to diagnose a variety of blood problems — both noncancerous and cancerous — including blood cancers, such as leukemia, lymphoma and multiple myeloma. A bone marrow biopsy may also detect cancers that started elsewhere and traveled to the bone marrow. During a bone marrow biopsy, your doctor draws a sample. This page provides information about the use of cone-beam computed tomography in dentistry in the pediatric population, information to help reduce unnecessary radiation exposure, and resources for. Tumors that originate in the trachea (windpipe) are rare. Tumors that metastasize (spread) to the trachea from other areas, such as the thyroid, esophagus, larynx (voice box) or lung, are more common though may only account for two percent of all upper respiratory tumors. No matter where these tumors originate and whether or not they are benign or malignant, they generally result in a. Tongue pain. Pain with the tongue can be associated with anemia, canker sores (aphthous ulcers), oral herpes, neuralgia, cancer, poorly fitting dentures, or irritation from dental work. Canker sores are commonly found on the tongue and can be very painful. They appear as a yellow-white center with a red halo LINAC (Radiation therapy) used for treatment of oncology has 1 to 1.5 meters thick wall. LINAC (Radiation therapy) D.G.Room. Total parking in the basement 280 cars parking 51 two wheeler parking.

External Beam Radiation Therapy for Cancer - National

Nodular Basal Cell Carcinoma of Skin is the most common type of BCC that is present as nodules on the skin, usually in the head and neck area. Some nodules may grow to large sizes and ulcerate. They can also infiltrate into the adjoining soft tissues and nerves Benign esophageal stricture is a narrowing or tightening of the esophagus. Find information on benign esophageal stricture causes, symptoms, and treatment When to Go to the Hospital. Coughing up blood can quickly become an emergency. Coughing up more than one teaspoon of blood is considered a medical emergency. Coughing up 100 cubic centimeters (cc) of blood—only 1/3 of a cup—is called massive hemoptysis and has a mortality (death) rate of over 50 percent. 4  Don't try to drive yourself or. Treatment usually includes radiotherapy, chemotherapy and/or surgery. Determining the goals of treatment is an important first step. The primary goal is generally to cure cancer or to considerably prolong life. Improving the patient's quality of life is also an important goal. This can be achieved by support for the patient's physical.

Radiation therapy may be another option. These treatments are generally only given when surgery can't be done. Although these types of treatments can have outcomes similar to surgery as far as the chances of the cancer spreading to other parts of the body, some studies show the cancer might be more likely to come back in the same area Slideshare Downloader, Download slideshare presentations to PDF and Powerpoint. Online tool to save document in PDF and PPT/PPTX format from slideshare.net for free A normal white blood cell count is between 4,000 and 10,000. A normal white blood cell count for patients receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapy is 3,000 to 4,000. One way to see if your child can fight infection is to find the Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC). A neutrophil (NEW tro fil) is one kind of white blood cell 71. Common Oesophageal Diseases in ENT Practice 385 72. Oesophagoscopy 393 73. Laser Surgery in ENT 395 74. Principles of Radiotherapy 397 75. Syndromes in Otorhinolaryngology 401 76. Common ENT Instruments 421 Index 42 Kramer S, Gelber RD, Snow JB, et al. Combined radiation therapy and surgery in the management of head and neck cancer: final report of study 73-03 of the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group. Head.

The stage of your cancer is one of the most important factors in choosing the best way to treat it. Prostate cancer is staged based on the extent (how much the cancer has spread) of the cancer (using T, N, and M categories) and the PSA level and Gleason score (Grade Group) when it is first diagnosed.. For prostate cancers that haven't spread (stages I to III), doctors also use risk groups. COMMON ENT EMERGENCIES Introduction ENT emergencies are thankfully not common and are rarely life-threatening. Nevertheless, ENT emergencies do arise. Early detection and institution of appropriate and adequate treatment may be important in preventing the progression of the disease, minimizing permanent damage and even reverse unwanted complications.This section hopes to cover most of the. Radiodermatitis or radiation dermatitis. It «is a cutaneous inflammatory reaction to exposure to biologically effective levels of ionizing radiation» [1]. It «can range from erythema to wet desquamation of the skin (tissue sloughing) in acute form; tissue atrophy, fibrosis, and permanent scarring in chronic form Radiation therapy. If surgery isn't an option, your doctor may recommend radiation therapy on the major salivary glands. The radiation causes dry mouth, relieving the hypersalivation

Smell and taste disorders may include loss of smell or taste or reduced ability to smell or taste. It can be caused by certain underlying conditions or illness, medicines, and dental problems. Some people are born with these disorders Cancer Research UK has been supporting a trial which is funded by LifeArc , a charity which helps to fund and develop academic research. This research is only about COVID-19 and it is not a cancer trial. The aim of the trial is to find out if a drug called camostat helps to stop the symptoms of coronavirus (COVID-19) from getting worse Radiotherapy. Radiotherapy is a treatment which uses high-energy beams of radiation which are focused on malignant (cancerous) tissue. This kills cancer cells, or stops cancer cells from multiplying. See the separate leaflet called Radiotherapy for more details. Two types of radiotherapy are used for mouth cancer: external and internal DDH is a disorder of abnormal development resulting in dysplasia and potential subluxation or dislocation of the hip secondary to capsular laxity and mechanical factors. 4,5. DDH is the most common abnormality in newborn infants. Due to the nature of how the baby sits in the womb, the left hip is more commonly affected. 4,5 The dematiaceous fungal pathogens, classified by their darkly pigmented hyphae, cause infection in both immunosuppressed and immunocompetent individuals. Infections may present as chromoblastomycosis, mycetoma, and a spectrum of phaeohyphomycoses varying in severity. The route of infection may be through traumatic inoculation, or inhalation with or without dissemination

The goal of radiation therapy is to shrink or destroy tumors using high-energy radiation beams while sparing healthy tissue. Learn about our Radiation Therapies. Lymphedema Screening Program. Lymphedema (swelling) can be a side effect of breast cancer. Find out more about our unique Lymphedema Screening Program. Breast Cancer Clinical Trial Responses are measured on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the best score. 4.7 out of 5 (1,151 Ratings) Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) Cancer Services. Head and Neck Surgery. Accepting new patients. Appointments: Call 973-436-1435 Book Appointment Online

Chemotherapy, surgery, radiation therapy, and other treatment measures may be used for treating Lymphoma of Stomach based on the assessment of the physician The prognosis depends on many factors including the subtype and stage of lymphoma, progression of the condition, response to treatment, and overall health of the individual primary monitor of pati ent dose deli very. X-ray Tube, Cathode Gun & Accele ra tor Sectio n - 50 kV max Beam Defle ctors precess ele ctron beam around central axis of probe tip creating a spheric al pa tern. Ele ctron Beam strikes gold targ et generating x -rays at probe tip. The INTRABEAM - X Ray Sourc If the cancer is on the back of your tongue, you may have radiation therapy (X-rays and other radiation). Sometimes the best treatment is a combination of chemotherapy , or cancer-fighting drugs. Nasopharyngeal cancer is a rare type of head and neck cancer.It starts in the upper part of your throat, behind the nose. This area is called the nasopharynx. The nasopharynx is precariously. Ataxia-telangiectasia (AT or A-T), also referred to as ataxia-telangiectasia syndrome or Louis-Bar syndrome, is a rare, neurodegenerative, autosomal recessive disease causing severe disability. Ataxia refers to poor coordination and telangiectasia to small dilated blood vessels, both of which are hallmarks of the disease.. A-T affects many parts of the body

Upper airway obstruction. 1. Description of the problem What every clinician needs to know. The upper airway is the segment of the airways between the nose or mouth and the carina at the lower end. This chapter discusses the principles of chemotherapy, and includes information on the mechanism of action of commonly available drugs (anthracyclines, Vinca alkaloids, taxenes, alkylating agents, bleomycin, platinum-based agents, antimetabolites, topoisomerase inhibitors, hormonal agents, antiandrogens, cell signalling inhibitors, and growth factor receptor inhibitors), cellular principles.

Basics in radiation oncology

Making an educated treatment decision begins with knowing the stage, or progression, of the disease. The stage of oral cancer is one of the most important factors in evaluating treatment options.. Our cancer doctors use a variety of diagnostic tests to evaluate oral cancer and develop an individualized treatment plan Chemotherapy is an aggressive form of chemical drug therapy meant to destroy rapidly growing cells in the body. It's usually used to treat cancer, as cancer cells grow and divide faster than. Warthin's tumor is removed surgically as a last option of treatment when medications are of no use. The surgical removal of warthin's tumor is the widely used treatment of warthin's tumor. In surgery, an incision is made on the bulged out mass of tumor by taking the patient under general anesthesia. After incision, the tumor cells are. Barium swallow cost. If you have health insurance, a barium swallow may be fully or partially covered. If you don't have insurance, the procedure may cost between $300 and $450. This covers the.

Paediatric radiotherapy - Oxford Medicin

A brain tumor is a growth that develops in the brain or spinal cord. They may be malignant, developing aggressively, or benign. Symptoms include headaches, nausea, and coordination problems. The. The American College of Veterinary Radiology (ACVR) is a member-driven, non-profit organization consisting of over 600 accredited veterinary radiologists and radiation oncologists. The mission of the ACVR is to promote excellence in patient care by providing leadership, innovation, and education in veterinary diagnostic imaging and radiation. Oral cancers develop in the tissues of the mouth or throat. Signs include bleeding in the mouth, difficulty swallowing, or a persistent earache. Oral cancers are most often discovered after they. Responses are measured on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the best score. 4.7 out of 5 (570 Ratings) Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) Cancer Services. Head and Neck Surgery. Surgical Oncology. Accepting new patients. Appointments: Call 908-277-8681 Book Appointment Online Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is a type of cancer that originates in the cells of the lymphatic and immune systems, such as the blood cells known as lymphocytes and the lymph node tissues. NHL is the sixth most common cancer in the United States. Another type of lymphatic cancer is Hodgkin's disease, which is a type of lymphoma (cancer of the lymph nodes)..

An Introduction to Current Radiation Therapy Treatment

Squamous Cell Carcinoma Causes. Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays, like the ones from the sun or a tanning bed, affects the cells in the middle and outer layers of your skin and can cause them to. Oral cancers develop on the tongue, the tissue lining the mouth and gums, under the tongue, at the base of the tongue, and the area of the throat at the back of the mouth. Oral cancer accounts for roughly three percent of all cancers diagnosed annually in the United States, or about 53,000 new cases each year

Radiotherapy & chemotherapy /certified fixed orthodontic

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Neck Swelling Types, definitions, Etiology, Clinical Features, Investigations, Differential Diagnosis and Treatment T. his is a heterogeneous group of lesions, presenting clinically as fluctuant, soft or firm, lateral or midline neck swellings.. The lesions may be asymptomatic, sensitive or painful, movable or fixed, solitary or multiple Symptoms of von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease vary among patients and depend on the size and location of tumors. Hemangioblastomas that develop in the brain and spinal cord can cause headaches, vomiting, weakness, and a loss of muscle coordination (ataxia).Hemangioblastomas can also occur in the light-sensitive tissue that lines the back of the eye (the retina) During hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT), you breathe pure oxygen inside a highly pressured environment. Often, pressure in the chamber is between 1.5 and 3 times greater than normal air pressure. This therapy was first seen in the U.S. in the early 20th century. It was later used by undersea. Antiemetic drugs help ease nausea and vomiting. There are many types, depending on the cause of the symptoms. Learn about these drugs, the risks, and more

Radiation therapy - Mayo Clini

Oral Cancer - Types, Stages, Symptoms, and Treatment. In the US, over 49,000 oral cancer cases are diagnosed annually. There is a higher percentage occurring amongst people above 40. Most times, the discovery of oral cancer happens after it has already reached the neck lymph nodes The temporomandibular joint is the joint that connects your jaw to your skull. When this joint is injured or damaged, it can lead to a localized pain disorder called temporomandibular joint syndrome or temporomandibular disorder (TMD).; Causes of TMJ disorders include injury to the teeth or jaw, misalignment of the teeth or jaw, teeth grinding or clenching, poor posture, stress, arthritis, and.

Depending on the type and stage of your cancer, you may need more than one type of treatment. For the earliest stages of cervical cancer, either surgery or radiation combined with chemo may be used. For later stages, radiation combined with chemo is usually the main treatment. Chemo (by itself) is often used to treat advanced cervical cancer Published : 2013-03-06 - Updated : 2021-05-19 Author : Disabled World - Contact: Disabled World (Disabled-World.com) Synopsis: Definitions and descriptions of the most common hospital departments and the services provided by each section.Common hospital support units include a dispensary or pharmacy, pathology, and radiology, and on the non-medical side, there often are medical records. patients who had previous radiotherapy presented with recurrence or residual tumours. All our cases were squamous cell carcinomas. In one patient, the deltopectoral flap was used to resurface a pharyngeal defect following resection for hypopharyngeal carcinoma and the neck defect was closed with a pectoralis major flap Thyroid function tests (TFTs) The term ' thyroid function tests ' refers to the following investigations: TSH (0.4 - 4 mU/L) Free T4 (9 - 25 pmol/L) Free T3 (3.5 - 7.8 nmol/L) There are separate reference ranges for children and pregnant women. Reference ranges for TFTs often vary between labs, so always refer to your local guidelines